Hardwood Flooring Info
Our general rule of thumb while fitting Hardwood floors
It is important that you choose, fit and finish your Hardwood flooring in a way that will give a practical, problem free and beautiful floor that is going to last you a lifetime of human traffic and the occasional dance.
Fitting your Hardwood floor
There are a number of different hardwood floor types . Solid floors, engineered board, laminate, parquet. Each type has a different application. Depending on the floor beneath, concrete, wooden joists and so on. This makes it hard for us to cover every aspect of fitting a hardwood floor. However, trying to and be as helpful as possible. We have briefly detailed below some of the most common and recognised methods. However feel free to give us a call for a chat. We are a business that is always happy to help and advise over the phone. If you would prefer, just send me a "Whats app" or eMail with some images of floor type.
It is recommended that when fitting hardwood flooring, an expansion gap is left around the perimeter of the room. This is the case with both solid and engineered wooden floor boards. Most of the time the expansion gap will be hidden beneath a skirting board. Beading is not recommended. Its best to refit the skirtings for a quality finish. There are some areas where a tight finish is required. That will depend a lot on what gap is attainable opposite. But we recommended consulting with us first. It is recommended that when the boards are spanning a width of over 7.5 mtrs additional expansion is provided. In some cases this may not be necessary so please consult with us before. All concrete floors are checked for moisture before hand.
Secret Nailing (Porta Nailing)
Secret nailing your flooring can often be the most straight forward installation method when your floor is to be laid onto a wood sub floor, battens or joists. For those of you who are unfamiliar with the term 'secret nailing' it is when a serrated nail is driven on a 45 degree angle through the tongue of the board using a secret nail gun (commonly known as a Porta-Nailer). Not only will this securely hold the boards tight up against one another and in place, it will also not be visible once the job is complete. When your new flooring is to be laid onto a wooden sub-floor, such as structural plywood, it's your choice as to which direction you feel the boards are going to look the best running.
However, when you new flooring is to be laid onto existing wooden floorboards it is good working practice to run your new boards in the opposite direction to the existing floor. Secret nailing is also a very effective method of installation if your boards are to be laid directly over floor joists. If you purchase a flooring that's strong enough for span joists (a structural flooring), the boards can quite simply be nailed down to each joist providing the joists are no further than 400mm centres from one another.
Despite not being the quickest, the use of flexible adhesives to glue wood flooring down is still a popular method of installation. This can be used when laying onto a wooden sub floor or, more commonly, a concrete screed. A floor that has been glued can feel as solid as any other, as well as reacting more favourably to movement thanks to the flexibility of the adhesives. The adhesives or bonding agents that can be used to glue wooden floors down usually come with a guide as to how to use the product so do read any instructions that are provided. Although gluing wooden floors is still a popular method of installation, some now consider it to be 'old hat'. Gluing a wooden flooring down can be a messy and time consuming job and is not usually considered the job for the DIYer. Nowadays many are choosing underlays rather than adhesives due to that fact that they are so much quicker, equally as effective and much more convenient and pleasant to work with. Its advisable all concrete gets measured for moisture and the floor gets to adapt to the rooms natural environment.
Floating your floor by using an underlay is considered the easiest method in which to fit your flooring. There are many underlays available but from experience we have found Vitrex Sonic Gold Acoustic Wood & Laminate Underlay 2.5mm 10m² to be the very best.
VITREX SONIC GOLD ACOUSTIC WOOD & LAMINATE UNDERLAY 2.5MM 10M² best on the market. This can be found on Screwfix.ie web page, VITREX is a very simply and very effective product that can save a huge amount of time.
Finishing your wooden floor
Some of our engineered wood floors come pre-finished with no need to treat on site. If you purchase a pre-oiled board it is up to you as to whether you wish to apply an additional coat of oil once the board is laid. This is considered good working practice, particularly in high traffic or areas prone to High Heel Shoes. Always speak to us first as to which finish is compatible with the board you have purchased. Many of pir pre-oiled boards on the market are treated with Woca hardwax oil which makes them compatible with many of the Woca oils and maintenance products. Again, we would discuss with you at the time of order, to allow you to get the best finish for your wooden floor.
Purchasing an untreated board is a popular choice as it gives you complete control over the colour and finish. It also means that you can treat your floor using a high quality finish that's durable. Water stain resistant as well as being easy to clean and maintain. We have found Treatex hardwax oil to be a very popular choice of finish for its quality, value for money and easy application. Treatex Hardwax Oil not only enhances the appearance of your floor but also thoroughly protects it from stains, accidents and general wear and tear. This is a commitment choice as the floor will need to be maintained regularly. Treatex is also suitable for the treatment of any internal wood surfaces such as doors, worktops, furniture etc meaning that you can tie in other wood features in your property with your floor.